Klawatti Ice Cap Traverse (incl. Klawatti, Primus, Tricouni and Austera peaks) - April 2004
Top - Eldorado Peak, Inspiration Glacier, Klawatti Peak and Klawatti Glacier as seen from the summit of Mount Goode.
Bottom - Austera Peak, Austera Ridge, North Klawatti Glacier, Primus Peak and Tricouni Peak also as seen from Goode.

While mulling over potential candidates for, in Tod's words, a "Super Tour" (interpreted to be a long, remote and scenic weekend tour), I casually suggested doing something around Austera Peak. The Austera Peak description in Jim Nelson’s Selected Climbs in the Cascades (volume 1) guide book - “…it is the view into the heart of the McAllister Cirque itself that stays with you, those twin icefalls tumbling into that pristine wilderness valley, as wild as any place in the range”, had me particularly motivated to visit the area. In hind sight, Jim was absolutely correct. The summit of Austera Peak is a place you simply do not want to leave. The scenery from this wild and remote corner of the North Cascades is dramatic; a view that’s enhanced this time of year by a winter blanket of snow draping the high peaks and valleys alike. But, why stop at just Austera? The area surrounding Austera Peak is actually a small ice cap, punctuated by numerous peaks of interest. Arguably the only true ice cap in the lower 48, the "Klawatti Ice Cap" is without an equal in the Cascade Range. It is without surprise, therefore, that the Klawatti Ice Cap Tour was born, with the promise of offering a unique and unparalleled alpine experience.

I honestly can’t remember the last time when planning a weekend trip like this generated such a flurry of emails. A party of five certainly takes its toll on one’s inbox. Come Friday we had finally hashed out the details of our trip. Our ambitious itinerary included 4 summits (Klawatti Peak, Austera Peak, Primus Peak and Tricouni Peak), foregoing Dorado Needle’s Northwest Ridge in favor of leaving the classic SW Buttress for some future climb. We would also be crossing 5 glaciers (Eldorado, Inspiration, McAllister, Klawatti and North Klawatti) on our traverse. Needing to return on Sunday, Jerry, Tod and John opted for the Friday night trailhead bivy and first-light start. Paul and I, on the other hand, planned on staying until Monday and so chose to leave Seattle early Saturday morning instead (~ 4:30am). (Photos: SV)

Click thumbnails below to enlarge...
Big pack
Paul and those damn boots!

The creek crossing was uneventful; there are a couple good places to cross the gravelly bifurcating streambed roughly 50 yards downstream from the parking area. Once across, we thrashed through brush for several yards, spotted some orange flagging off to our right and soon located the trail. As a general observation, the trail began directly across the creek from the parking area. The steep ascent through the forest was mostly quite boring (my third time) save for the frustration of occasionally getting our skis snagged on low branches not to mention the tight squeezes between trees. We reached the infamous boulder field, fortunately still snow-filled, in about an hour-and-a-half and began donning our boots and skis. The first hundred feet or so of skinning was hell. In the heat of the morning sun, the snow had attained a sloppy, water-saturated consistency, making skinning a laborious affair. I recall noting that the snow pack here was already considerably less than what I had encountered on my first trip to the area in June several years ago.
View of Cascade Pass
Looking towards Cascade Pass with Pelton Peak, Trapper Mountain, Magic Mountain, Mixup Peak, The Triplets, Cascade Peak and Johannesburg Mountain left-to-right.

The skinning did eventually get easier as I ascended into the upper basin, happily following what I’m sure were Tod and John’s splitboard tracks from earlier that morning. Reaching the divide between the Eldorado Creek and Roush Creek drainages, I encountered a party of three returning from a day ski-trip on Eldorado Peak. Watching their descent (2 skiers and one boarder) left me stoked for the turns I hoped to get in the next few days.
Snowking Group
Looking to the WSW at Mutchler Peak at center left and Snowking Mountain at right.

With Paul now in-sight, I descended (in ski-mode) into the Roush Creek drainage and began skinning up the Eldorado Glacier. Crossing the flat expanse of the upper glacier, I rounded the lower shoulder of Eldorado’s East Ridge and continued across the magnificent Inspiration Glacier.
Looking to the ESE
Cascade Pass peaks to the ESE as seen from the Inspiration Glacier with Pelton Peak, Trapper Mountain, Magic Mountain, Bonanza Peak, Hurry-up Peak, Mixup Peak, The Triplets, Spider Mountain, Cascade Peak and Mount Formidable visible left-to-right. Similar shot, but, taken during September, click here.
Forbidden Peak
The Inspiration Glacier tumbles away far below with Forbidden Peak towering in the background. Mount Buckner peeking at left with Mount Goode at far left.
Klawatti Col
Looking across, I could faintly make out what appeared to be a camp set up at Klawatti Col (Klawatti Peak and South Face at right with Tepeh Towers at left), and figured it had to be Tod, John, Jerry’s bivy gear.

The traverse across the Inspiration is mainly level, save for some gentle ups and downs. Before long, I found myself nearing “Camp Klawatti”, finding, to my surprise, the three still milling about. They had planned on tagging Primus, Tricouni and if nothing else, Austera on their first day out. We exchanged a few words before they embarked on their late afternoon tour over to Austera Peak (upper Austera Ridge/Klawatti Glacier visible from camp at Klawatti Col).
Glacier Peak in distance
Glacier Peak in distance with Eldorado's lower East Ridge (and our tracks) at right

With limited remaining daylight, I dumped my overnight gear and continued the short distance over to Klawatti’s South Face. The hot afternoon sun had done a number on the face; most of the snow had sluffed off exposing only more unconsolidated snow. Clearly, the ski tracks I observed (later determined to be CC.com’s very own “JoshK” and “Skisports”) had contributed to the sluff activity. Looking back across the Inspiration Glacier, I could now see Paul traversing Eldo’s East Ridge.
Looking over Inspiration Glacier
Late afternoon sunlight on Inspiration Glacier (from Klawatti summit) with Paul approaching camp below.

I skinned a short ways up the steepening face before resorting to booting up the knee-to-waist deep mush. Zig-zagging a couple of times to avoid hidden moats near the hourglass, I continued up the 40 - 45 degree face, hoisting myself up a short but steeper section just below Klawatti’s Southwest Ridge. The summit was just a few yards farther along the ridge. Wow! Talk about an impressive 360 degree panorama! Certainly, Klawatti’s central position, relative to Eldorado Peak, affords it the superior views.
Looking east
Ragged Ridge (left) and Mount Logan (right) from summit of Klawatti Peak.

The unrelenting wind and my apprehension about the ride down had me a bit on-edge. By now, the sun had fallen below the horizon and the snow had developed a thin layer of breakable crust over the warmer, softer snow below. Some hesitant side-hilling (I couldn’t even commit to making a turn) back down the Southwest Ridge to the South Face drop-in point was all I needed to convince myself that perhaps I had better boot it back down instead. Snow-wise, I had missed the descent opportunity for the day…at least for my comfort level. Facing in, booting back down my steps from earlier, I reluctantly descended the face on foot. By now, Tod, John and Jerry had returned from Austera Peak (~2hrs round-trip) and feared the worst of my whereabouts. Everyone was greatly relieved when they finally saw me traversing back to camp. Interestingly, the Austera party reported seeing “JoshK” and “Skisports” making their late afternoon ski descent on the Southwest Face of Primus Peak. Jerry later informed me that he also briefly witnessed the two skiing down Austera Ridge from camp at Klawatti Col earlier that afternoon. Man, I missed out on the action!
Kamp Klawatti
"Kamp Klawatti" with Mount Buckner, Forbidden Peak and Mount Torment left-to-right.

While I flailed on Klawatti, Paul had arrived at camp and set up the tent. A hasty dinner was cooked and consumed after which we retired to our respective shelters. The wind picked up that night and dark clouds drifted by overhead, but, they posed no real threat. Sleep, for me, was sparse as usual and before I knew it, it was morning again. With a leisurely start, well after sun-up, we all made our way across the comparatively short upper margin of the McAllister Glacier to the Klawatti-Austera Col.
Klawatti Glacier
Looking across the Klawatti Glacier with Mount Buckner, Boston Peak and Forbidden Peak left-to-right.

A long descending ski/board traverse across the upper Klawatti Glacier brought us to Austera Ridge for a nice, long slope of shred-able corn.
Descending Austera Ridge
Jerry cranks a turn on lower Austera Ridge with Tod a bit farther below.

Turning a tight left around lower Austera Ridge on a wide, sloping bench (avoid the temptation to slash turns on inviting wind lips a little father down, else cliffs will force you to boot back up), we took our first glances for the day of the impressive North Klawatti Glacier and the complete Southwest Face of Primus Peak.
Southwest Face of Primus
Paul skinning up Primus Peak.

The remaining tour up Primus was relatively straight forward, save for some sketchy ice-skinning near the summit (Paul and Jerry resorted to booting up the still icy slope).
Grand views
Awe inspiring views from Primus' summit. Klawatti, Austera and Eldorado (left-to-right). Mount Pugh peeks though clouds in the background.
Mount Baker in distance
Looking to the northwest towards Mount Baker.
Tricouni Peak
Tricouni Peak was calling Tod and me, and so, after a quick snack we rode down Primus’s East Face to "Lucky Pass" (head of the Borealis Glacier) while the others chose to return the way they came. From "Lucky Pass", we booted up the West Gully (at bottom center) of Tricouni to gain the rocky summit ridge. It felt as if we were truly in the middle of nowhere. This is about as remote as it gets in the North Cascades!
Ragged Ridge
Fisher Creek Valley with Ragged Ridge at left.

The broad Thunder Creek Valley lay at our feet, cutting an impressive NW - SE gash through the heart of the North Cascades. To the north stood Snowfield Peak and its subsidiary summits, while the Mount Logan complex and Mount Goode, dominated the view to the southeast. Farther east, Ragged Ridge stood tall and prominent. Looking back from where we came, Austera, Klawatti, Eldorado and the unmistakable Forbidden Peak and Mount Buckner all seemingly rise from expansive sheets of ice and snow. I couldn’t help but thinking I was looking at something in BC’s Coast Range.
East Face of Primus
Our tracks down Primus' East Face (look closely).
Tod and the Klawatti Glaciers
Time was ticking and we had to make haste in order to meet Tod’s commitment to be back at his car before nightfall. From the summit, we traversed rock and snow on the west side of the summit ridge (our skin tracks traversing below lower Austera Ridge visible at center left in photo) before stepping onto our boards for another perfect descent down the South Ridge and Southwest Face of Tricouni, stopping finally at the flats of the lower North Klawatti Glacier.
Descending South Ridge of Tricouni
Tod descends Tricouni's South Ridge with Mount Buckner in background.
Boarding down Tricouni's slopes
Charging down Tricouni's Southwest Face with tracks by "JoshK" and "Skisports" visible at center.
Skinning up North Klawatti Glacier
Back in touring mode, Tod led out, climbing around the icefall looming above by skirting the northern edge of the glacier. A suspect but passable snow bridge at this spot had me wishing I was roped into something. Once above the icefall, we located our Primus up-tracks from earlier that morning and made our way back beneath Austera Towers to the edge of the Klawatti Glacier.
Skin track on Klawatti Glacier
I was getting pretty low on energy by this point and Tod managed to put quite a bit of distance between us. Man, that endless ascending traverse back across the Klawatti Glacier, in the sweltering afternoon heat was murder! I had originally planned to make a short detour and tag the summit of Austera Peak on my return, but, the thought of doing anything other than collapsing at camp couldn’t have been further from my mind. Finally, I reached the Klawatti-Austera Col and readied myself for the final, but, painfully clumsy, descending splitboard “ski” traverse back across the icy upper McAllister Glacier.

Tod and John had packed up and started making their way back across the Inspiration Glacier by the time I arrived at camp. They had little more than two hours of daylight left, I figured, and I did not envy their having to race darkness back down to the car. After having skied Klawatti’s South Face with John earlier that afternoon (possible first snowboard descent?), Jerry decided to stick around for another night. Paul, like me, fell far behind John and Jerry while crossing the Klawatti Glacier and was just reaching Klawatti’s summit as I arrived at camp. Also, like me, Paul chose to descend on foot.
Austera Peak
Monday, April 5th - Paul, Jerry and I got another leisurely start the next morning and once again made our way across the McAllister Glacier to the Klawatti-Austera Col, on our way to Austera Peak. In under an hour we were standing on the narrow summit ridge contemplating the 20 feet, or so, of exposed “mixed” climbing to reach the true summit. Judging by Tod’s tracks from Saturday (he was the only one to successfully reach the summit), one would have to make a short, but, exposed descending traverse (in snow) on the west side of the summit ridge to reach a low notch and the narrow gully leading to the summit. The gully looked steep, almost vertical from our perspective, and the snow in it looked to be frozen hard. Tod previously reported that there was at least one funky move of mixed climbing where the snow had melted away leaving behind a smooth section of rock at the gully’s narrowest point. None of us felt particularly motivated to give the gully a go, not with ski boots and not without the security of some protection. I felt good not to be a “Top 100” purist, knowing Paul would make himself come back out here in the summer for that measly 20 feet of class 4 scrambling.
McAllister Cirque peaks
View from Austera with Flower Tower, Oliphant Tower, Bandana Spire, Tyee Crag, Dean's Spire and Eldorado Peak visible at left, and Dorado Needle, Marble Needle and Praying Mantis visible at right (left-to-right).

True summit or not, the views from Austera are superb! Nowhere else on the tour can one really see the McAllister Cirque. Here, with the North Klawatti Glacier to my back, I could see both the Klawatti Glacier (left) and Backbone Ridge (right) above McAllister Cirque with the McAllister Glacier spilling away out of view into the depths below. Just Beautiful!
Backbone Ridge
Backbone Ridge to Mount Baker with that "pristine wilderness valley" below (upper McAllister Creek Valley).
Returning to camp
Returning to Klawatti-Austera col.

Prying ourselves away from that majestic perch, we retraced our steps back to where we stashed our skis and returned to camp to pack up.
Paul on Eldorado Glacier
After a long grind across the Inspiration Glacier and the flat, upper margin of the Eldorado Glacier, we were more than ready for some turns (as evidenced by Paul's ear-to-ear smile).
Jerry skis into the clouds
The ride down the Eldorado was a blast, despite a pack full of overnight gear (Jerry in photo). We booted a short bit back up the Roush-Eldorado Creek divide, and struggled to link turns in the heaviest mush ever conceived on the descent to tree line. The lower boulder field had melted out considerably since Saturday. Littered with hidden sinkholes and exposed boulders, the final slope was now virtually un-skiable, and claimed my tent as payment for passage without injury. Finally back on trail, we descended through the forest, crossed the creek and made short work of the beers Paul had stashed in a pile of snow near the car. Moments later, we would meet “JoshK” and “Skisports” returning from their ski tour. From Primus, we had seen their tracks descending Tricouni Peak towards Klawatti Lake, and wondered where they had gone from there. It turns out that their tour continued up over Forbidden Peak’s north shoulder, onto the Boston Glacier, over Ripsaw Ridge and down Horseshoe Basin, returning via Cascade Pass. Damn, and to think I was impressed with what we had accomplished!

Anyway, thanks to Tod, John, Jerry and Paul for making this trip happen. I don’t think we could have had better weather or conditions. It’s too early to tell for sure, but I’ll probably look back on the “Klawatti Ice Cap” tour as being the most satisfying trip of the year.
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